On January 19, 2021
The governor called for homes and businesses to put lights in their windows to show their support. One-Year subscription (4 issues) : $20.00, Two-Year subscription (8 issues) : $35.00, © 64 Parishes 2021. In the early days of the war, equipment and supplies were furnished by parish governments, wealthy individuals, or the soldiers themselves. ", Lathrop, Barnes F. "The Lafourche District in 1861-1862: A Problem in Local Defense. The convention itself briefly adjourned to move from Baton Rouge to New Orleans in order to allow the state legislature to meet at the capitol. Later, the state supported the Compromise of 1850 and did not send a delegation to that year’s secessionist Nashville Convention. the governor of Louisiana that led the state to secession; organized the capture of federal arsenals at Baton Rouge, Fort Jackson and Fort St. Phillip . ", Dew, Charles B. Converted factories made weapons from scrap iron collected by citizens. The economic reason for the southern states to secede from the Union was slavery. Judah P. Benjamin, called the "brains of the Confederacy", served in Confederate President Jefferson Davis's cabinet. On February 4, 1861, the State of Louisiana joined the Confederate States of America, the new nation formed by the southern states that seceded. This method left the meat tough and very salty, and the soldiers had to boil the meat for hours before they could eat it. That the people of the State of Mississippi hereby consent to form a federal union with such of the States as may have seceded or may secede from the Union of the United States of America, upon the basis of the present Constitution of the said United States, except such parts thereof as embrace other portions than such seceding States. Secession precipitated the American Civil War. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2003. Defenders of the Confederacy, as odd as that may even sound, disingenuously claim that even if this was … The "history" of tariffs clearly show that they were low the three decades prior the CW, but the secessionists claim that was one of the reasons for secession 1860. Northern delegates to the Democratic Party convention supported Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois, but the southern Democrats disagreed with his position on slavery, which they felt was not pro-slavery enough. We, the people of the State of Louisiana, in convention assembled, do declare and ordain, and it is hereby declared and ordained, That the ordinance passed by us in convention on the November 22, in the year eighteen hundred and eleven, whereby the Constitution of the United States of America and the amendments of the said Constitution were adopted, and all laws and ordinances by which the State of Louisiana became a member of the Federal Union, be, and the same are hereby, repealed and abrogated; and that the union now subsisting between Louisiana and other States under the name of "The United States of America" is hereby dissolved. Governor Moore began to organize military resistance at the state level, ordered the burning of cotton, cessation of trade with the Union forces, and heavily recruited troops for the state militia. In total seven states South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas left the Union before the inauguration of Lincoln. AN ORDINANCE to dissolve the union between the State of Louisiana and other States united with her under the compact entitled "The Constitution of the United States of America.". Secession had a long history in the United States—but as a threat rather than as an actual dissolution of the Union. For the latter part of the war, both the Union and the Confederacy recognized their own distinct Louisianan governors. A wealthy planter and slaveholder, Moore acted aggressively to engineer the secession of Louisiana from the Union by a convention on January 23. For the purposes of this article, let's stipulate that the preservation of slavery and the plantation economy was the primary objective in seceding from the United States. The new president of the United States had not received one vote in the state. Texas, Mississippi, Georgia and South Carolina all issued additional documents, usually referred to as the “Declarations of Causes," which explain their decision to leave the Union. Louisiana's political leaders hoped the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850 would protect slavery and preserve the Union. If that was the point of secession, then the strategy was an obvious disaster. By the time the convention met in Baton Rouge on January 23, the result was not in doubt. On December 20, 1860, South Carolina, seceded. Four border states held slaves but remained in the Union. Every state in the Confederacy issued an “Article of Secession” declaring their break from the Union. They learned to ignore the bugs floating on the water. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1963. Texas was the last of a raft of states to secede from the Union. Privately they maintained that they opposed immediate secession but felt obliged to follow the lead of their constituents. Later four more states seceded after the exchange of fire at Fort Sumter in April 1861. They would "teach the Yankee a lesson... and settle matters within 60 days." On February 1, 1861, delegates of the state of Texas resolved to secede from the federal Union of the United States of America. These documents were sent to the federal government and stated that state's particular reasons for seceding from the Union. A discourse, delivered in the First Presbyterian Church, New Orleans, on Thursday, November 29, 1860, by B.M. Palmer. A quick and even lazy look at all the Southern States’ Ordinances of Secession and Declaration of Causes reveals that the war was indeed over slavery. When Lincoln comes to power it behaves as if nothing had happened. Leaders in the South also wanted to preserve the rights of the states to govern themselves. A Bostonian piano manufacturer in Shreveport was advised to leave town because he was a known Lincoln supporter. The spirited soldiers drilled to "save the South." The idea of secession is not new, as the Theory of Nullification known. "Who Won the Secession Election in Louisiana?. In particular, Governor Moore’s pro-secession speech at the opening of the special December legislative session set the mood for the election of convention delegates on January 7, 1861. Soldiers on both sides called the Civil War "a rich man's war and a poor man's fight.". Instead, the war dragged on and families suffered. The beef was preserved by salting it. Reasons for Secession . Lincoln’s election changed the political calculus in Louisiana. Governor Moore had already ordered the seizure of the federal arsenal at Baton Rouge as well as Fort St. Philip and Fort Jackson on the Mississippi River. Post-Constitution, the first major threat of full state secession came during the Jefferson administration, when the New England states, led by Thomas Pickering, threatened to dissolve their participation in the Union. People who believed in the doctrine of states' rights believed that the states could nullify federal laws. Because a large part of the population had Union sympathies (or compatible commercial interests), the U.S. government took the unusual step of designating the areas of Louisiana then under U.S. control as a state within the Union, with its own elected representatives to the U.S. Congress. An area to the north of Lake Pontchartrain attracted the Confederate commanders to a site with hills, tall pines, and good water. Monogrammed linen pillowcases became sandbags at Port Hudson, and treasured carpets became blankets for freezing soldiers. He warned the secession threatened the interests and destiny of Louisiana, He predicted war, ruin, and decline. The overwhelming failure of a call to send delegates to a southern convention in Nashville (24 in favor and 106 against) illustrates this decline in anti-secessionist sentiment. In his inaugural address, Moore told the legislators and visitors at the Capitol that a powerful anti-slavery party (i.e. C ontrary to conventional assumptions, many Louisianans opposed secession and the Confederacy during the Civil War and remained loyal to the Union for several reasons, among them: local politics, economic or familial connections to the North, and a strong sense of nationalism. Winters, John D. The Civil War in Louisiana. Yet, from an economic and political perspective, clearly, secession would have weakened the blossoming new nation and created an atmosphere that would have much more closely resembled war … Sacher, John M., A Perfect War of Politics: Parties, Politicians, and Democracy in Louisiana, 1824–1861. South Carolina seceded first, on December 20, 1860. Many believe that secession is what caused the war too. Some supporters of states' rights also believed that states had the right to leave the Union. People cheered in the streets as fireworks exploded and cannons fired. Governor Moore held office from 1860 through early 1864. Southerners saw slavery as key to their sovereignty. Other events contributed toward the secessionist atmosphere in Louisiana. But too soon the ladies stopped designing battle flags and began making bandages. In the South, many twentieth-century libertarians thought they had found a political culture supporting free trade (especially through low tariffs) and limited government (using the vehicle of “States’ Rights”). Palmer, Benjamin.The South: her peril and her duty. These names and their colorful uniforms seemed suitable for the short and glorious war southerners expected. Why would they not join the Confederacy? The focus shifted fanatically to equipment and supplies. trying to abolish slavery > The election of Lincoln > States have a right to govern themselves. 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